The outwards drift of the great toe, associated with the formation of a bony lump on the inside of the great toe joint.
This would include trying wider shoes and possibly using an insole if you are also getting pain under the ball of the foot. There are also other orthotics which can protect the bunion.
Scarf and Akin Procedure.
All surgical procedures carry some risk. These risks are usually rare, but can include infection, bleeding, damage to surrounding structures such as tendons or nerves, numbness, dysfunction of foot, ongoing pain, unsightly scar, painful scar, wound healing problems, swelling. There is also a risk that the procedure does not work fully and that the patient is left with some ongoing symptoms.
There are also some medical risks to surgery such as a clot in the leg (DVT), clot in the lung (pulmonary embolus or PE). The general anaesthetic has rare risks of problems such as heart attack, stroke, chest infection and in extremely rare circumstances, death.
recurrence of bunion, metalwork problems, fracture of first metatarsal.